A car title loan is a unique way to borrow money using the equity in your vehicle. Considering the fact that the vehicle is used to secure the loan, this makes the vehicle itself a key aspect. In fact, the loan amount is usually based on a percentage of the value of the vehicle.
Title loans are typically limited 50% of the vehicle’s fair market value. This percentage can vary, depending on the lender and the state.
Regardless, the amount you can borrow is based on the vehicle value. So getting an idea of your car’s value is an important part of getting a car title loan.
What is my Car worth for a Title Loan?
Traditional car title loans, or loans from a storefront lender, simply require a short visit to get the cash you need using the equity in your vehicle. These are available in many states and are an option for borrowers that want to visit a lender.
Online title loans, however, are growing in popularity and availability. These loans do not require a visit to lender. The entire car title loan process is completed online.
For these loans, is a good idea to determine the value of your vehicle before applying. This provides several benefits including:
- Gives you an idea of what you can borrow
- Allows you to plan for your loan
- Provides information to evaluate the lender
- Can help determine if the vehicle will support your loan amount
Before applying for a car title loan online it is a good idea to value your vehicle so you know what to expect. This will help prepare for the loan.
How do I determine Vehicle Value?
To determine a vehicle’s value, first let’s look at the factors that affect the value and how this value is determined.
Factors that Affect Value:
The main factors that affect how much your car is worth are:
Make and Model
The year, make, and model of the vehicle. This is straightforward.
Vehicle mileage has a big affect on the value. Higher mileage translates to lower value, and lower mileage to higher value.
The vehicle’s condition also plays a major role in determining the value. Below we provide a process for assessing your vehicle’s condition with how to assign the accurate adjectives.
The history of the vehicle also factors into the valuation. This includes factors like number of owners, accidents, etc.
Options and Equipment
Finally any additional options and aftermarket equipment will play a role in determining the value.
Fair Market Value
A vehicle’s fair market value is what the vehicle is worth today to a willing buyer. This is typically the wholesale value. Car dealers buy and sell vehicles at wholesale auctions every day.
This data is collected and aggregated to allow wholesalers to quickly place an accurate value on cars. Most title lenders have access to this today through services like Black Book.
Public Data for Vehicle Value
There are also a number of free vehicle valuation tools that are available to the public. For purposes of evaluating a single vehicle, these will work fine.
Kelley Blue Book, NADA, Edmunds, and others are fairly easy to use. These do require the condition and history of the vehicle. We discuss how to do this below.
How to Assess a Vehicle’s Value
To assess our vehicle’s value we will first assess the condition and history using the process and table below. Then, we’ll consider any additional options and aftermarket equipment.
Following that we’ll enter the data into the valuation tool. Finally we’ll interpret the values the tool provides to determine the number to use for preparing for the title loan. and then use an online valuation tool.
Valuation Step 1 – Assess Vehicle Condition
An accurate vehicle valuation begins with a thorough and honest assessment of the vehicle’s condition (described in detail below). Once you have the vehicle condition, simply enter the details into the chosen valuation tool.
Honestly assess your vehicle’s cosmetic condition, inside and out. Cleanliness at this point is not important, just assess the overall condition.
Exterior: The vehicle exterior includes the condition of the paint, body, and wheels.
Paint – What condition is the paint in? Is it peeling and chipping or will it look new after a wax?
Body – Is there damage? Minor dents and scratches?
Wheels – Aluminum wheels show wear if not cleaned regularly. Do they have chips or major flaws?
Interior: The vehicle interior includes the seats, dash, carpet, and trim.
Seats – Are there rips and tears? Are the seats worn or like new?
Dash and Console – Are there cracks? Are the buttons worn or like new?
Carpet – Is the carpet worn and stained or well taken care of?
Steering wheel – Mileage and neglect show on steering wheels.
Next you will need to assess the mechanical condition.
- Are you upgrading because you know the vehicle needs maintenance that you don’t want to perform?
- Does the vehicle need repairs to pass inspection?
- Or is it in great shape with all maintenance records?
Check your vehicle’s history report. This is an important step some people overlook. A vehicle’s history report is an important factor in determining the value.
You can use carfax or autocheck, and pay a fee, or get a free vehicle history report. Review the report to find out if there is any negative information (salvage history, accidents, mileage discrepancies, etc.).
The following table shows the general condition factors for the vehicle interior, exterior, mechanical, and history. Use the table to get the overall condition of your vehicle to use when determining the value.
|Vehicle Condition (Cosmetic, Mechanical, and History)|
|Condition Factors:||Excellent||Very Good||Good||Fair||Poor|
|Interior||Like New condition||No rips, tears, and can be reconditioned||Minor wear||Some rips tears, steering wheel worn||Significant wear and/or damage|
|Exterior||Like New condition||No major scratches or dents, wheels look new||Minor scratches and dents, minor wheel wear||Scratches, dents, and paint fading||Body damage, paint damage|
|Mechanical||Like New Condition||No mechanical work needed, everything functional||No major mechanical problems.||Needs some mechanical work.||Needs a major repair.|
|Vehicle History||Clean vehicle history, one owner no accidents.||Clean vehicle history, no accidents.||No salvage, flood or fire damage.||Vehicle history shows accidents.||Salvage, flood, fire, or other problem.|
Use the table to determine your vehicle’s condition. You should now have a good idea of the condition of the vehicle and can use this for the valuation tool.
Valuation Step 2 – Additional Equipment
The next step is to note any additional equipment and options. This can include non-standard options like heated seats, a sunroof, and any aftermarket equipment. Note these and have them ready to enter into the valuation tool.
Valuation Step 3 – Enter the Data
Now that you’ve gathered all needed data the hard part is done. Simply choose a valuation tool and enter the data. Some tools allow you to enter the VIN to confirm year, make, model, and trim. Once you’ve entered all relevant required information you’ll be provided with your vehicle’s value.
Valuation Step 4 – Interpret the Different Values
There are usually multiple values for each vehicle. These typically include:
- Private Party
The retail value is what the vehicle would sell for at a car retailer. This value is not very useful for purposes of a car title loan for several reasons.
First, the retail value includes the overhead and profit from the dealership. It also includes reconditioning costs for preparing the vehicle for sale. This value is always higher, sometimes significantly higher, than the fair market value.
The private party value is an estimation of what you could sell the vehicle for to a private party if you chose to do so. Again, this value is not what we want to focus on for purposes of a title loan.
This value includes the cost of preparing the vehicle for sale, placing and ad, and selling the vehicle. It is closer to the fair market value, but may be a bit higher.
For purposes of preparing for a title loan this is the value we want to focus on. This is approximately what we could get for the vehicle today if we had to immediately sell it.
When we discussed wholesale value at the beginning of the post, this is much closer to the trade-in value. If anything, the wholesale value may be slightly higher than the trade-in value.
This means we should be able to safely use this value when preparing for a title loan. This should provide us with an accurate minimum amount for our vehicle value.
Title Loan Amount from Vehicle Value
Now that we have a value, we can estimate the maximum amount for the title loan. Most lenders limit the loan amount to 50 % of the fair market value of the vehicle.
So, we simply take our valuation and divide it in half to get our maximum loan amount. For example, if our trade-in value is $8,000.00, then it is a safe assumption that our title loan amount will be limited to $4,000.00.
Vehicle as a Payment Method
If you’ve been looking for a title loan you may have noticed while they do not require a credit check, many do require proof of income. More importantly, borrowers need to have some ability to repay the loan. As a last resort, if you find yourself without a job, the vehicle itself can be used to repay the loan.
This will involve selling the vehicle. Getting a good idea of what your vehicle is worth will help determine whether or not this method makes sense. This means it is possible to get a title loan without income verification. Just let your lender know your back up plan is to sell the vehicle should you need to.
Some lenders have arbitrary year cutoffs on the car they will lend on. Others will lend on literally any vehicle. Our view is that both of these methods don’t make sense. Here is why:
Arbitrary year cut-offs:
Vehicle value is not necessarily tied to a year. Some cars that are over 15 years old are still worth a significant amount of amount. This is especially true if it is a luxury car, rare car, classic car, or collector car. Simply not lending on these vehicles because of the year they were manufactured simply does not make sense. This means you can get a classic car title loan if there is enough value in the car.
Lending on any vehicle:
Other lenders will make a loan on any vehicle. Unfortunately, some vehicles just do not have enough value to lend against. Typically, these are high mileage vehicles with body damage or in poor mechanical shape. These vehicles usually will cost more to repair than they are worth. Making a loan against them is a risk. Adding risk adds costs. Many lenders will distribute this extra risk and cost across all borrowers. We prefer the lowest rates instead.
Now that you have an accurate assessment of what your car is worth you can prepare for a title loan. Make sure that your car is worth enough to support the loan amount you need. Then, use the title loan calculator to find a loan term that results in an affordable payment. Once you have found a loan amount the next step is finding a lender.
Finding the Best Title Lender
Preparation for a car title loan includes finding the lender that best fits your needs. This is a critical step that is often overlooked and can save you a significant amount of money. Make sure to choose a lender that is direct and upfront about what they charge and how they operate. This is one of the reasons we are considered one of the best title loan companies and offer the best title loans.